Medicinal plants grown in your own gardens can reduce your dependence on drugs, if not completely eliminate them. But growing random herbs with medicinal properties doesn’t help. It is a common myth that all herbal preparations are safe by virtue of being natural. This is far from true. A typical example is foxglove or Digitalis purpurea. It has a positive effect on heart function, with the cardiac drug digitalin extracted from the plant. However, ingesting any part of the plant can induce nausea and vomiting, and can even lead to total collapse from digitalis intoxication and death.
For ages, people have been cooking with different types of herbs to add a unique flavor to dishes. Studies now have shown that the health-promoting compounds in various herbs can play a key role in keeping illness and other health problems at bay. Instead of buying herbs from the market, you can grow them in your backyard, small kitchen garden or even indoors. Most herbs are rich in antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and carminative properties. Also, gardening is a wonderful form of exercise that will keep you fit and a great hobby to help calm your mind. Here are 15 medicinal plants you can simply grow at your home or gardens.
15 Medicinal Plants you can simply grow at your Home or Gardens
Tulsi is a holy plant by the Hindus. Hence, it is also known as the Holy Basil. Tulsi can be consumed as is in its raw form or can be consumed in the form of herbal tea. There are four varieties of Tulsi- Rama Tulsi, Vana Tulsi, Krishna Tulsi and Karpoor Tulsi. Tulsi has very strong germicidal, fungicidal, antibacterial and antibiotic properties that are good for curing fever, common cold and respiratory diseases as well.
Fenugreek is usually called Methi in India. Both the seeds and leaves of fenugreek are highly nutritious and healthy. It is considered as a great body coolant. These can be easily grown in pots in any environmental conditions. Many people consume this for bodybuilding and weight gain. Fenugreek has the capacity to overcome liver cancer. It is also very helpful during painful menstruation and labor pains. Fenugreek can treat inflammation and ulcers of the stomach and that of the intestines, and can also lower blood cholesterol levels. It is also a great remedy to freshen bad breath.
It is one medicinal plant people really make use of since it is generally safe and requires no processing before use. It is a must-have in every garden whether you grow it in pots or in the ground. Aloe vera plants grow well in a sunny location in warmer areas where there is not much danger of killer frosts. Being a succulent, this drought-resistant plant requires very little care and thrives in poor soil. It suckers freely so you can start with just one or two plants sourced from a reliable supplier.
This natural hybrid of spearmint and watermint is widely used in dental hygiene products, mouth fresheners, soothing balms, and candies. Quite possibly the oldest medicinal herb to be used by man, there’s evidence that peppermint has been used for thousands of years. Sip a tea made of a handful of peppermint leaves to calm stomach upsets and relieve pain and discomfort due to gas. Carry a few sprigs of peppermint when you travel. Sniffing on it every now and then will prevent nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness.
Basil is a commonly used cooking herb with medicinal uses that you can easily grow in your kitchen garden. Sow basil seeds in a warm, sunny place and provide water on a regular basis to retain moisture after the soil has warmed. Basil is very sensitive to cold, so to protect it you can keep it indoors or cover it with a sheet. Basil has antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It also has nutrients like vitamins A, C and K, manganese, copper, calcium, iron, magnesium and omega-3 fatty acids. Basil can be used to treat flatulence, lack of appetite, gas, nausea, cuts, scrapes, headaches, coughs, acne, kidney stones and more.
When it comes to taste, parsley is one of the best options and you can easily grow this herb in your small garden area. Parsley prefers damp, well-drained soil and partial shade. It can also thrive in the sun, but the soil must be kept moist. You can grow this herb outside in the ground or in large pots. It’s helpful to feed it with organic fertilizer. Cover plants with a plastic sheet or moves the pot to an indoor location to help it thrive in the winter. Parsley is used for treating urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones, constipation, jaundice, gas, indigestion, colic, diabetes, coughs, asthma, osteoarthritis and high blood pressure.
Mint grows in moist, shaded areas as well as in sunny locations. Keep it well-watered and use a weak liquid fertilizer. Consider growing mint plants in large sunken pots because they grow vigorously. Mint has antioxidant, expectorant (promotes the clearance of mucus from the airways), diaphoretic (induces perspiration), digestive, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also rich in vitamins like A and C and contains manganese and iron. Mint can be very useful in treating indigestion, vomiting, sore muscles, abdominal pain, heartburn, chest pain, irritable bowel, fever, headaches and bad breath.