The festival of Karwa Chauth is famous all over the country. This fasting moon celebrates the moon’s moonlight of Kartik month. Karavachoth falls on the fourth day of the full moon according to the Hindu calendar. On this day married woman keeps fasting for her husband’s long life. On this day, devotees worship Lord Ganesha for their welfare and healthy life.
This auspicious day marks the love Indian wives have for their husband.They fast without even drinking a sip of water. On this occasion, women dress up in traditional red clothes; they also apply Mehendi and perform early morning puja for the long life of their husbands. By looking at the rising moon through a sieve, the women break their fast. After this, they look at their husbands, who give them water and sweets.
Important Date, Puja Muhurat, Katha and Vrat Vidhi of Karwa Chauth 2017
This time Karwa Chauth is on 8th October. The women of this day will fast for their husbands. There is a tradition of fasting even before marriage in the country. A virgin girl also fastens to meet good boys. The timing of Karwa Chauth puja would start at 5.54 PM and Karwa Chauth puja would end at 7:09 PM.
The story behind celebrating the Karwa Chauth by the women is for themselves. A long ago, when girls were getting married in their teenage or more early at 10, 12 or 13 years, they have to go with their husbands and in-laws far away from their own house of parents. She had to manage all the household, works, in-laws works as well as outside the home in the fields. Girls were just like a full-time servant in the home of her in-laws. She had to take everyone’s responsibility own.
In such cases, if she feels alone or has some problems because of the in-laws, she had no option like go back to home, relatives, friends, etc. There was a tradition in earlier days that once bride comes to groom’s home, she would not go to her own house to parents for long or only one or two times in the lifetime.
In order to resolve such problems or loneliness women started celebrating Karwa Chauth in the month of Kartik at Chaturthi to make God-friends or God-sisters (other married women of the village) in the same village they married. They get together at this event, talk, discuss good and bad moments, laugh, decorate themselves and many more activities just like a new bride in order to rememorize themselves. In that way, they never felt alone and sad. On the day of Karwa Chauth, they bought Karva and do puja by getting together.
They also gift some married women’s goods (like bangles, bindi, ribbons, lipsticks, earrings, nail polishes, sindoor, home-made candies, sweets, make-up items, small clothes and other goods.) to other married women in order to enjoy and maintain the feeling of someone is there for them. So, earlier Karva Chauth celebration was a festival to enjoy and strengthen the special bond between god-sisters and god-friends.
The concept of keeping fast and do puja for the husbands at Karwa Chauth came much later as a secondary process. Later, lots of mythical tales and stories came in order to enhance the meaning of celebrating this festival. Fasting, worshipping and decorating by the women bring lots of happiness, confidence, and renovation into the relationship of husbands and wives. It also strengthens the relationship between husband and wives just like the newly married couple. Husbands go closer to their wife emotionally and try to never hurt her like a true friend. In this
Husbands go closer to their wife emotionally and try to never hurt her like a true friend. In this way, a woman wins the trust and love of her husband through emotional attachment. She keeps fast without food and a drop of water for the whole day, decorate herself like a new bride and do pooja for the safety and wellness of her husband as the husband is the only caretaker of her for whole life in the home of her in-laws.
The pooja preparations start a day in advance. Married women buy the shringar or the traditional adornments and the other Pooja items like the karwa, matthi, Heena etc.
Early in the morning they prepare food and have it before sunrise. The morning passes by in other festive activities like decorating hand and feet with Heena, decorating the Pooja thali and meeting friends and relatives.
The essentials of this gathering and listening of the Karwa Chauth story, a special mud pot, that is considered a symbol of Lord Ganesha, a metal urn filled with water, flowers, idols of Ambika Gaur Mata, Goddess Parvati and some fruits, mathi, and food grains. A part of this is offered to the deities and the storyteller.
Earlier an idol of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cow dung. Now just an idol of Goddess Parvati is kept. Everyone lights an earthen lamp in their thalis while listening to the Karwa story. Sindoor, incense sticks, and rice are also in the thali.
At this time the women wear heavy saris or chunries in red, pink or other bridal colors, and adorn themselves with all other symbols of a married woman like nose pin, tika, bindi, bangles, earrings etc.
Once the moon rises, the women see its reflection in a thali of water, or through a dupatta or a sieve. They offer water to the moon and seek blessings. They pray for the safety, prosperity and long life of their husbands. This marks the end of the day-long fast.