Navratri word in itself holds a special significance which refers to nine nights and nine different forms of Goddess Durga. There is a myth which says that performing special pujas lifts divine spirits and God grants one with happiness for the rest of his/her life. The tenth day celebrates as Vijayadashami, wherein devotees immerse idols of Goddess Durga into the water. Navratri – one of the most popular festivals celebrated all around the globe. Devotees worship Goddess Durga and chant various mantras. The occasion starts with Ghatasthapana wherein devotees place the picture of Goddess into the Kalash (pot). Here we bring to you which color and which temple to visit for worship 9 different avatars of Goddesses during Navratri.
Which Color and Temple to visit for Worship 9 Different Avatars of Goddesses during Navratri?
1. Goddess Shailaputri
The first day is the day of Shailaputrifor Devi. ‘Shailaputri’ means the daughter of mountains also known as Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati. ‘Shail’ means mountains and ‘Putri’ means daughter. She is the first among Navadurgas and devotees worship her on the first day of Navratri. Goddess Shailaputri symbolizes the power of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. She is quite recognizable as she rides a bull and carries a trident along with a lotus in her hands.
According to Hindu mythology, Shailaputri is believed to be the rebirth of Sati. She was the daughter of Daksha and the wife of Lord Shiva. Shailaputri usually associates with Lord Shiva. Red is the color of the day. Shailputri Temple is located Marhia Ghat of Varanasi and another one is at Hedavde Mahalaxmi in Hedavde Village.
Goddess Brahmacharini is worshipped on the second day of Navratri festival. This is the second form of Durga who took various births to attain Lord Shiva as her husband. Brahmacharini also was known as Tapashcharini, Aparna, and Uma. She symbolizes spirituality and meditation. Goddess Brahmacharini holds a rosary in her right hand and a water utensil in her left hand.
On this day, women in India observe a rigorous fast to attain peace, prosperity, and happiness. The color to wear on the second day is Green. Varanasi is the only place in India where all the 9 temples of 9 Devi Durga of Navaratri are located.
The third facet of Goddess Durga is ‘Chandraghanta‘, who is worshipped on the third day of Navaratri, for peace, tranquility, and prosperity in life. She has a ‘chandra’ or half moon in her forehead in the shape of a ‘ghanta’ or bell. That is why she is called ‘Chandraghanta‘. She is Golden in color, possesses ten hands and 3 eyes. Eight of her hands display weapons while the remaining two are respectively in the mudras of gestures of boon giving and stopping harm.
She is charming, has a golden bright complexion and rides a lion. She is the apostle of bravery and possesses great strength to fight in the battle against demons. White is the color of the day and even Sindhoor Tritiya Sowbhagya Teej is also observed on this day. Various Durga temples are Junglee Devi Temple in Kidwai Nagar, Baradevi Temple in Baradevi, Kaali Mathiya Temple in Shastri Nagar, Tapeshwari Devi Temple on Birhana Road.
Goddess Kushmanda is the fourth form of the goddess worshipped on the fourth day of Navratri. The name ‘Kushmanda’ consists of three words ‘Ku’ means ‘a little’, ‘Usma’ means ‘energy’ and ‘Anda’ means ‘the cosmic egg or universe.’ She is also known as Ashtabhuja. She is considered as the creator of the entire universe.
The goddess is draped in Red saree and on this day Bhouma Chaturthi is followed. The color for the fourth day to be worn is Blue. Ghatampur in Kanpur Nagar district has one of the most famous temples of Kushmanda and one of its own kind in the country.
The fifth aspect of the Mother Durga is known as ‘Skanda Mata‘ – the mother of Skanda or Lord Kartikeya, who was chosen by gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons. She is worshipped on the fifth day of Navaratri. She is accompanied by the Lord Skanda in his infant form. Rising a lion as Her chosen vehicle, She holds Her son Skanda on her lap.
She has three eyes and four hands; two hands hold lotuses while the other two hand display defending and granting mudras, respectively. It said, by the merch of Skandmata, even the fool becomes an ocean of knowledge. Devotees are supposed to wear Grey as the goddess is dressed in a Yellow Saree. Skandamata Temple is also located in Varanasi and one of the most famous temples in the city along with Annapurna Devi Mandir.
The sixth form of Mother Durga is known as ‘Katyayani’, who is worshipped on the sixth day of Navaratri. The legend behind her name is that there was a great sage called Kata, who had a son named Katya. Kata was very famous and renowned in the lineage of saints. He underwent long austerities and penance in order to receive the grace of the Mother Goddess. He wished to have a daughter in the form of a goddess. According to his wish and desire, the Mother Goddess granted his request.
Katyayani was born to Kata as an avatar of Durga. People are supposed to wear Green attire on this day. Shri Katyayani Baneshwar Temple at Aversa is one of the most popular temples of Katyayani, other temples also include Chhatarpur Temple in Delhi, Katyayani Temple Alappuzha, Sri Katyayani Peeth Temple Vrindavan and Katyayani Temple Kolhapur.
Kalaratri, the seventh form of Durga who is known for destroying ignorance and removing darkness from the universe. Kalaratri or Shubhamkari – is the violent form of Goddess Durga. It is said that she licked the blood of demon Rakta Beeja, who had the potential to create demons from his blood.
This form of Goddess depicts the darker side of life. The goddess on this day is supposed to be adorned with a Peacock Green colored saree. The color of the day is Peacock Green. Kaalratri is the goddess of night portion of each day and temple is located in Varanasi.
Goddess Maha Gauri is the eighth avatar of Goddess Durga who is worshiped on this day. She is regarded for forgiving the sins of her devotees and also helping them to get purified. The goddess is dressed in Purple color on Durga Ashtami. It is said that in this form the Goddess did penance to get Lord Shiva as her husband. It is believed that due to the intense Tapaya, she performed without moving which caused soil and dust to collect on her body.
Later on, Lord Shiva cleaned her with water from Ganga. Purity is depicted in this form of Durga. On this day, Saraswati Mata Puja is conducted and Purple is regarded as the color of the day for all the devotees. Goddess Mahagauri Devi Temple is situated in Varanasi and in Ludhiana.
Siddhidatri, the ninth avatar of Mother Goddess who provides knowledge to her devotees. The knowledge that she provides makes one realize that it is only her who exists, in short, she is the supreme power of all perfect things. In this form, she is seated on a lotus flower and holds a variety of things in her hands including lotus, mace, conch shell and discus.
The goddess is dressed in Purple attire and Maha Navami puja is done on this day. Kanya puja is also done on this auspicious day. Sky Blue is the color for the last day. Goddess Siddhidatri Mata Temples are situated in Varanasi, Devpahari Chattisgarh, Satna Madhya Pradesh and in Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh.